pediatricshead

Prof. Khin Nyo Thein
M.B.,B.S, M.Med.Sc (Paed.),
 M.R.C.P.C.H(UK)
Professor /  Head

The Department of Pediatrics was first established in 1968 at the University of Medicine (2). The teaching facility was at the Pediatric Unit of the Defense Services General Hospital affiliated to the Institute.

To accommodate the increasing load of medical students, a teaching unit for Child Health at North Okkalapa General Hospital (NOGH) was incorporated into the University of Medicine (2) in 1977. A second teaching Unit in NOGH was later established in 1982. Two more teaching Units for Child Health were opened in 1994 at two affiliated hospitals Insein and Thingangyun, and later at South Okkalapa General Hospital in 1998.

After opening of Yankin Children Hospital in 2011, it has become the main teaching hospital of the Department. Initially, the teaching in Child Health at the University of Medicine (2) was   only for undergraduate students. Later, in 1990 the M.Med.Sc students from the University of Medicine (I), Yangon came for postgraduate training in the teaching units of University of Medicine (2).

M.Med.Sc (Pediatrics) course in the University of Medicine (2) was inaugurated in December 1993 with 6 candidates. In September 1997, the Doctorate course on Medical Science (Pediatrics) was commenced. The Diploma in Child Health course and Diploma in General Practice courses were introduced to University of Medicine (2) in January 1998. The Diploma in Child Health course is suspended after 1999. The Diploma in Family Medicine course was introduced in 2003-2004. The Diploma in Medical Science (Pediatrics) course was introduced in 2014 and suspended after 2016.

 

  1. Former Heads of the Department

Prof Ye Myint Kyaw

(2011-2013)

Prof Khin Nyo Thein

(2013-2020)

1. Prof. Lt.Col. Daw Sein Yee M.B.,B.S, DCH (Lond.) 1968- 1987
2. Prof. Thein Thein Myint M.B.,B.S, DCH (Lond.) M.R.C.P(UK) F.R.C.P(Edin), F.R.C.P.C.H, Dr.Med.Sc 1987-1988
3. Prof. Myo Min Aung M.B.,B.S, DCH (Lond.) FRCP(Edin) 1988 -1989
4. Prof. Thane Oke Kyaw Myint M.B.,B.S, DCH (Lond.), FRCP(Edin.) 1989- 1990
5. Prof. Thein Aung M.B.,B.S, DCH (Lond.) MRCP(UK),

FRCP(Edin.), FRCPCH, Dr.Med.Sc

1990-2003
6. Prof. Than Nu Shwe M.B.,B.S, M.MedSc(Paed), DCH (Lond), FRCP (Edin), Dr.Med.Sc 2003-2004
7. Prof. Aye Maung Han M.B.,B.S, DCH, M.Med.Sc (Paed), M.R.C.P (UK), FRCP (Edin.), FRCPCH, Dr.Med.Sc (Paed) 2004-2005
8. Prof. Samuel Kyaw Hla B.A, M.B.,B.S, DCH (Ygn), M.Med.Sc(Paed),

FRCP(Edin)

2005-2006
9. Prof. Khin Htwe M.B.,B.S, DCH, M.Med.Sc (Paed), MRCP(UK),MRCPCH, FRCP (Edin.), Dr.Med.Sc 2006-2007
10. Prof. Kyu Kyu Khin M.B.,B.S, DCH, M.Med.Sc (Paed),     MRCP(UK), MRCPCH, Dip.Med.Ed

 

2007-2009
11. Prof. Saw Win M.B.,B.S, DCH, M.Med.Sc (Paed),

FRCP(Edin), MRCP(UK), MRCPCH(UK), D.C.H(Glas),D.T.M&H(Lond.),Dip.Med.Ed

2009-2011
12. Prof. Ye Myint Kyaw M.B.,B.S, M.Med.Sc (Paed), FRCP(Edin), MRCP(UK),MRCPCH(UK), D.C.H(Glasg), FRCPCH, Dip.Med.Ed, Dr.Med.Sc (Paed).

 

2011-2013
13. Prof. Khin Nyo Thein M.B.,B.S, M.Med.Sc(Paed.),  MRCPCH(UK), FRCP (Edin), FRCPCH, Dr. Med. Sc (Paed)

 

2013-2020

 Group Photo of Full Time Academic Staffs

4.Full Time Academic Staff

 

Professor and Head

 

 

Professor

 

 

   

Associate Professor

1.Dr Ni Ni Htwe            M.B.,B.S , M.Med.Sc (Paed)

2.Dr Hnin Hnin Aung    M.B.,B.S, M.Med.Sc (Paed), MRCPCH(UK)

3.Dr Thazin Win            M.B.,B.S, M.Med.Sc (Paed), MRCPCH(UK),FRCPCH, Dr.Med.Sc (Paed)

4.Dr Ye Kyaw Thu        M.B.,B.S, M.Med.Sc (Paed), MRCPCH(UK),FRCPCH, Dr.Med.Sc (Paed)

5.Dr Aung Khin Thein  M.B.,B.S, M.Med.Sc (Paed), MRCPCH(UK)

 

Lectures

1.Dr Shwe Zin Zin Aung.                           M.B.,B,S, M.Med.Sc (Paed)

2.Dr Kyi Thar Oo.                                       M.B.,B,S, M.Med.Sc (Paed), MRCPCH(UK)

3.Dr Thet Su Su Aung                                M.B.,B,S, M.Med.Sc (Paed), MRCPCH(UK)

4.Dr Wai Wai Nwe                                     M.B.,B,S, M.Med.Sc (Paed)

5.Dr Chaw Su May                                     M.B.,B,S, M.Med.Sc (Paed), MRCPCH(UK)

6.Dr Swe Swe Zaw                                     M.B.,B,S, M.Med.Sc (Paed)

7.Dr Thandar Maung Win                          M.B.,B,S, M.Med.Sc (Paed), MRCPCH(UK)

8.Dr Ei Mon Thet Lwin                              M.B.,B,S, M.Med.Sc (Paed)

9.Dr Lwin Mar Phyo                                   M.B.,B,S, M.Med.Sc (Paed), MRCPCH(UK)    

10.Dr Yin Nway Oo Naing                         M.B.,B,S, M.Med.Sc (Paed), MRCPCH(UK)

 

Assistant Lecturers

1.Dr Khine Watyi                                      M.B.,B,S, M.Med.Sc (Paed)

2.Dr May Thu Khine                                 M.B.,B,S, M.Med.Sc (Paed)

3.Dr Zeyar Min                                         M.B.,B,S, M.Med.Sc (Paed), MRCPCH(UK)

4.Dr Kyi San Thee                                    M.B.,B,S, MRCPCH(UK), M.Med.Sc (Paed)

5.Dr Khin Nandar Kyaw                           M.B.,B,S, M.Med.Sc (Paed), MRCPCH(UK)

 

  1. Courses

5.1    Undergraduate Courses

Departmental Objectives

At the end of the course, the medical students should be able to,

      

  1. In cognitive domain

(1) understand the concept of Child Health.

(2) recognize the major components of Child Health.

(3) have a requisite knowledge of common diseases of childhood in Myanmar and their management

  1. Psychomotor domain

(1) have a requisite skill in proper history taking and examination of children.

(2) have a requisite skill in basic sciences of community health in approaching the child in the community

(3) acquire communication skills in delivering preventive measures and health education

 

  1. Affective domain

(1) recognize the importance of growth and development

(2) recognize the difference between health aspects of the child and adult

(3) recognize the importance of delivery of comprehensive health care for the child,                                 family and community

(4) recognize the importance of ethics in pediatric practice

(5) recognize the importance of continuing medical education

 

5.1.1 Final Part I MBBS

The course covers 10 weeks of clinical teaching in North Okkalapa General Hospital and Yankin Children Hoispital.

 

 

 

Teaching and Learning Methods

Clinical teaching                    10 weeks

Final Part I MBBS Assessment

 

The assessment is a 2- station (1 history taking and 1 clinical examination) OSCE at the end of 10 weeks posting. This class work weightage will be 10% of the marks of Final Part II Final Examination.

 

5.1.2 Final Part II MBBS

 

Pre bloc posting during initial 6 months involves didactic lectures from all 4 disciplines. Bloc posting last 3 months in three medical units of Yankin Children Hospital. Morning section includes clinical teaching such as ward round teaching and small group bedside teaching and self-learning. Evening section includes clinics, case discussion, question time and seminar. Pediatric topics covers growth and development, nutritional disorders, neonatology, infectious diseases emphasizing on the diseases of common health problems in developing countries such as acute respiratory tract infection, diarrhoeal disease, dengue hemorrhagic fever, tuberculosis, malaria etc. systemic disorders, preventive and community pediatrics, pediatric prescribing and pediatric emergencies including ETAT (Emergency triage assessment and treatment).

 

5.1.3 Internship Training (House Officer)

 

House officers are posted to the affiliated teaching hospitals for their training. The training period covers one year as rotating house officer between 4 major disciplines (3 months per discipline) and includes 2 weeks of community medicine work. Assessment is by means of a common log book and workplace based assessment in all disciplines and a completion certificate signed by Heads of the major disciplines, reviewed by the Rector of the Institute before convocation.

 

 

Objectives

 

At the end of the course of instruction, House Officers must

 

  • Acquire the knowledge of

 

1.1   principles of difference between child and adults.

1.2   principles of normal development and its variations

1.3   essential facts about common medical problems in childhood.

1.4   management of childhood problems using primary health care approach.

 

 

  • Acquire the skill of

 

2.1  communicating with the healthy and sick newborn babies,

infant, children and their parents.

2.2   taking careful history.

2.3   performing thorough physical examination of all systems.

2.4   performing simple bed side procedures and laboratory procedures.

2.5   recognizing urgent cases that require referral

2.6   managing of common childhood problems, disorders and pediatric emergencies.

2.7   practicing preventive aspects of child health.

  • delivering appropriate health education regarding common childhood illnesses.

 

  • Acquire the attitude of

 

3.1   appreciation of the practice and responsibilities of the various branches of health, social and

educational services concerned with care of the healthy, sick, handicapped children.

3.2   developing an appreciation of the value of maternal and child care.

3.3   having essential habits of applying scientific methods in approaching and solving problems.

3.4   accepting the comprehensive health care aspect of children, families and the community.

 

The mission, vision and core values of the university are the pillars of the learning strategies throughout the course.

 

 

5.2.  Postgraduate Courses

 

5.2.1. Dr.Med.Sc. (Pediatrics) Course

Aim

The aim of the course is to produce highly qualified clinicians, academicians and researchers equipped with knowledge and skill comparable to international standard. They must have attitudinal concepts fit to be a leading pediatrician.

Objectives

  • To assess the candidate ability in communication skills and attitudinal concepts in ethical issues
  • Judge the candidate skill in problem solving, decision making, rational management plan and cost-benefit appraisal
  • To assess the candidate knowledge on recent advances in related fields of his/her

Selection of Candidates

Criteria for Application

1.Must be a citizen of Union of Myanmar

2.Must be a holder of M.B.,B.S and M.Med.Sc (Pediatrics) (2 years after M.Med.Sc(Pediatrics)) or equivalent degree recognized by Myanmar Medical Council.

 

Selection Examination

Must pass Selection Examination, both written and oral (viva voce), conducted by the Selection Board for Postgraduate Studies, University of Medicines. Selection theory examination will consist of 4 MSQs.

 

No. of seats available            Depend on country’s need

 

Year of starting of the course

1997

 

Start Date      1997

 

Duration        3 years

Name of Degree/ diploma/certificate conferred

Dr.Med.Sc. (Paediatrics)

 

Learning Teaching Method

Work based learning with research work including submission of thesis.

 

Protocol should be submitted in Year 1. Thesis should be submitted in Year 3 (3 months ahead of end of Year 3). Thesis defend should be done in last month of Year 3.

 

Assessment

Formative assessment

 

 One formative assessment in Year 1

 

Summative assessment

 

One Summative assessment in Year 3 (last month of Year 3)

Assessment include

-Problem solving skill

-Data interpretation skill

-Clinical management skill

-Communication skill

Assessment will be conduct in the form of GRAND VIVA and the format of assessment will be as follow:

Area 1

To assess the communication skill and ethics, a case scenario or real case will be given.

Area 2

Case problem (Grey cases) (one or more) will be given to assess the objective 2.

Area 3

Viva questions on recent advances regarding his/her thesis.

Maximum scores for each area – 100 (Total score 300)

Pass mark: 60% of total marks.

Resources

Personnel

Teaching staff of Pediatric departments and allied specialties from all government agencies.

Training Areas

Teaching hospitals under University of Medicines

Department of Medical Research

Libraries

Libraries from University, Department, Hospital and Department of Medical Research.

Career Ladder

The degree holder will be promoted or the head of the Department in due dates.

Degree

Doctor of Medical Science (Pediatrics)/ Dr.Med.Sc (Pediatrics) will be conferred by the respective University of Medicine after successful completion of the course requirements.

 

5.2.2. M.Med.Sc. (Pediatrics) Course

 

Aims

            The aim of the course is to provide a comprehensive training in pediatrics so as to prepare the trainee with a foundation up to a standard competent enough to become a pediatric specialist, a senior teacher in Pediatrics, or a research worker.

 

Objectives

  • Strengthen the knowledge of basic medical science and principles of Pediatrics (Knowledge)
  • Train the candidates to have a competent skill in diagnosis and management of childhood disorders (Skill)
  • Stress the importance of the family and its environment in the development of childhood disorder (Attitude)
  • Impart basic research methodology so as to obtain and share more relevant information on the clinical materials.

 

Medium of Instruction

Bilingual (English & Myanmar)

 

Entry Eligibility criteria

 

Selection of Candidates

Criteria for application

 

The candidate must have an MBBS degree from one of the Universities of Medicine in Myanmar or an equivalent degree recognized by the Myanmar Medical Council.

 

Selection of Examination

 

The candidate must pass a selection examination held by the Selection Board of Postgraduate Studies, from the respective University of Medicine, which includes the professor/heads of the Department of Pediatrics.

 

Intake of Candidates – According to the country’s need.

 

 

 

Year of Starting of the course                      1993

Start Date                                                       1993

Duration                                                          3 years

 

Name of Degree/ diploma/certificate conferred

M.Med.Sc (Pediatrics)

 

Multi-learning experience available

(eg. Case studies, hands on experience, problem based learning)

  • Case study
  • Hands-on experience
  • Problem based learning
  • Data interpretation
  • Submission of Dissertation

 

Fee charged (in local currency)

Nationals                                            800 kyats /month

Foreigners

Dissertation

The candidates must submit the protocols of their research project before the third month of the second year (for approval). The Post – graduate Board of Study will then scrutinize and choose the appropriate supervisor. Any further change after this must be done with the agreement of the Board. Supervisor has to report the progress of dissertation to the chairman of the Board every 3 months.

Final submission of the dissertation will be made not later than the last 3 months of the third year period (before the final examination).

 

Evaluation

Summative Assessment

            Summative assessment (I) – Part (I) Examination –

At the end of 9-month, summative assessment will be done by 60 MCQ questions within 2 1/2 hours. Pass mark is 60%. If the candidate fails, he/she will be allowed to appear for 2 more supplementary exams which will be held every 3 months.

Summative assessment (II) – Part (II) Examination –

will be held at the end of 3-year period.

  1. Theory paper – (10) Data interpretation including ECG (45 minutes)

(5)   Grey cases (50 minutes)

(20) Picture quiz including X-ray (40 minutes)

Total time – 2 hours 15 minutes

 

  1. Clinical – One long case and 4 short cases

Long case —  (1 hour assessing the patient + 30-minute discussion with examiners)

Short case major 2 — 10 minutes each

minor 2 — 5 minutes each

 

  1. Viva voce

Another pair of examiners, will assess the candidates on at least 4 topics out of the following: Neonatology, Pediatric emergencies, recent trends and advances, community pediatrics, developmental pediatrics. Time limit for 25 minutes.

Pass mark for each section is 60%. The candidates must have a minimum of 60% for each section i.e. written, clinical (both long and short cases combined) and viva voce, for a clear pass. Distinction will be given to candidates who score more than 80% and credit will be given to candidates who score more than 75% in each section.

 

Assessment of dissertation

The dissertation will be separately evaluated by 2 readers chosen by the Board of Study. It will be accepted as final only after the correction recommended by the readers has been fulfilled.

The pass mark, credit and distinction marks are 60%, 75% and 80% respectively.

Dissertation which fails to get the pass mark will have to be rewritten until satisfactory mark is given by the reader.

 

5.2.3 Dip.Med.Sc. (Family Medicine) Course

 

Objectives

  • Manage common pediatric problems
  • Deliver emergency pediatric services
  • Establish a two-way referral system
  • Participate actively in promotive & preventive child health care services
  • Deliver comprehensive health care to the children & their family using holistic approach

 

Medium of Institution.

Bilingual (English & Myanmar)

 

Entry Eligibility criteria

Candidates with MBBS and working in general practice and who passed the selection examination.

 

Year of Starting of the course                     2004

 

Start Date                                                      2004

 

Duration                                                        1year

 

Name of Degree/ diploma/certificate conferred

Dip.Med.Sc (Family Medicine )

 

Multi-learning experience available

(eg. Case studies, hands on experience, problem based learning)

Case studies, problem based learning, OSCE

 

No. of seats available                                    13-15

 

Fee charged (in local currency)

Nationals                                                        50000 kyats/month

Foreigners